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Client:
Federal Trade Commission
Year:
2000

Synapse analyzed the market concentration and market power implications of a major electric-gas merger as part of one of the agency's anti-trust investigations. The project included the review of computer model data and methods.  Project completed in September 2000.

Client:
U.S. Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy
Year:
2000

Synapse prepared a detailed analysis of the costs of decommissioning nuclear power plants, comparing the cost implications of prompt dismantlement versus delayed dismantlement.  The study included regression analysis and sensitivities to assumptions of labor costs, waste burial costs, and other decommissioning costs.  Project completed in 2000.

Client:
Yuasa Batteries, Inc.
Year:
2000

Synapse assisted Yuasa in estimating the amount of replacement power costs that were incurred by Carolina Power and Light as a result of a power plant outage.  Synapse's analysis included a review of CP&L's dispatch model and market analysis.  Project completed in April 2000.

Client:
Campaign for Ratepayer Rights
Year:
2000

Synapse assisted CRR with a review of the New Hampshire Restructuring Settlement Agreement.  Synapse focused on the cost of providing standard offer services and the additional costs due to "retail adders."  This work included oral testimony before the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission in Docket 99-099.  Project completed in 2000.

Client:
EC/R Incorporated, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Year:
2000

Synapse worked with EC/R Incorporated to provide analytical support to the EPA for its suit against utilities for non-compliance with the New Source Review provisions of the Clean Air Act.  Synapse investigated the economic and financial impacts of emission control technologies and regulatory compliance strategies.  Project completed in 2000.  

Client:
Delaware Public Service Commission
Year:
2000

Synapse investigated customer service performance standards in the context of an electric utility merger and rate cap plan. The analysis centered on the performance of customer call centers.  Project completed in June 2000.

Related Publication(s)
Investigation into the July 1999 Outages and General Service Reliability of Delmarva Power & Light Company
Client:
Union of Concerned Scientists
Year:
2000

Synapse represented UCS in an Advisory Group to the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources to determine how to design and implement the renewable portfolio standard established by the Massachusetts restructuring act.  Project completed in November 2000.

Client:
Appliance Standards Awareness Project
Year:
2000

Synapse drafted comments to the US Department of Energy regarding the electricity price assumptions that should be used in estimating the benefits of national air conditioner efficiency standards. This analysis included a review of hourly electricity prices from competitive and regulated US electricity markets in 1998, 1999, and 2000. Tim Woolf and Bruce Biewald provided results in oral testimony before the US DOE.  Project completed in November 2000.

Related Publication(s)
Marginal Price Assumptions for Estimating Customer Benefits of Air Conditioner Efficiency Standards
Client:
N/A
Year:
2000

Bruce Biewald presented “Electricity in New England: Market Imperfections or Failure?” at the National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates Annual Meeting in San Diego, California on November 13, 2000.

Related Publication(s)
Electricity in New England: Market Imperfections or Failure?
Client:
N/A
Year:
2000

Existing power plants often are subject to less stringent pollution standards than new plants under the Clean Air Act, providing a loophole for companies that own existing power plants. In “Electricity Market Distortions Associated with Inconsistent Air Quality Regulations,” an article published in The Electricity Journal, Synapse’s Tim Woolf and Bruce Biewald discuss how the loophole can create distortions in electricity markets, hinder the development of a competitive industry, and postpone some key benefits of the Clean Air Act.Access the article here: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040619000000956.

Client:
Vermont Public Service Department
Year:
2000

Synapse assisted the Department in reviewing the economics of the Hydro-Quebec purchase by Green Mountain Power Company. Synapse investigated whether the purchase represented excess capacity, and subsequently made recommendations about how any such excess costs should be shared between ratepayers and stockholders. Project completed in December 2000.

Client:
Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel
Year:
2000

On behalf of the Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel, David Schlissel provided testimony before the Department of Public Utility Control regarding the potential impact of the proposed merger between Northeast Utilities and Consolidated Edison, Inc. Project completed in 2000.

Related Publication(s)
The Potential Impact of the Proposed Merger Between Northeast Utilities and Consolidated Edison Company on the Reliability of the Electric Service Provided to Connecticut Ratepayers
Client:
Illinois Attorney General, City of Chicago
Year:
2000

Synapse analyzed nuclear power plant decommissioning funding issues in the context of the proposed merger between PECO and Unicom.  Bruce Biewald filed direct testimony before the Illinois Commerce Commission in Docket NO. 00-0361 on July 31, 2000.

Related Publication(s)
Testimony of Bruce Biewald Regarding the Decommissioning Funding for Commonwealth Edison Company Nuclear Power Plants
Testimony of David Schlissel Regarding the Decommissioning Funding for Commonwealth Edison Company Nuclear Power Plants
Client:
Mississippi Attorney General's Office
Year:
2000

Synapse participated in the Mississippi Public Service Commission’s Generic Docket to Consider Competition in the Provision of Retail Electric Service. First, Synapse reviewed and critiqued the filings of Entergy and the Southern Company with regard to standard offer pricing and performance-based ratemaking for transmission and distribution services. Synapse then prepared an assessment of the market power issues likely to arise in a restructured electricity industry in Mississippi, including a critique of the market power studies of Entergy and Southern Company. Additionally, Synapse and Resource Insight prepared an assessment of the stranded cost filings of Entergy and Southern Company. The results, including a discussion of divestiture of generation assets and the responsibility for stranded costs and gains, were presented in the testimony of Bruce Biewald before the Mississippi Public Service Commission in Docket No. 96-UA-389. Project completed in 1999.

Related Publication(s)
Market Power Analyses of Mississippi Power Company and Entergy Mississippi, Inc.
Client:
The Utility Reform Network
Year:
2000

Synapse prepared testimony on ratemaking and rate design policies to promote (or at least not hinder) the appropriate installation of clean, on-site distributed generation as an alternative to other customer supply options and distribution system upgrades.  Project completed in June 2000.

Related Publication(s)
Utility Distribution Company Rate Design
Client:
OntAIRio Campaign
Year:
2000

This Synapse report assessed the cost and performance of selective catalytic reduction technologies for controlling NOX emissions.  The report described the experience of SCR use in the US, Canada and internationally.  Report dated February 2000.

Related Publication(s)
Use of Selective Catalytic Reduction for Control of NOX Emissions from Power Plants in the U.S.
Client:
N/A
Year:
1999

Tim Woolf presented “Challenges Faced by Clean Generation Resources under Electricity Restructuring” at the Symposium on the Changing Electric System in Florida and What it Means for the Environment on November 9, 1999.

Related Publication(s)
Challenges Faced by Clean Generation Resources under Electricity Restructuring
Client:
Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management
Year:
1999

Synapse advised NESCAUM in the development of model regulations to implement uniform environmental performance standards for electricity suppliers in New England.  The project addressed technical issues related to the tracking of information in the New England Power Pool, as well as the appropriate definition of environmental performance standards.  Project completed in 1999.

Client:
Izaak Walton League of America
Year:
1999

Synapse conducted an economic valuation of the Allen S. King, Black Dog, High Bridge, and Riverside coal generators in order to assess public options for replacement with more efficient, less polluting sources of electric generation.  Project completed in March 1999.

Client:
Sustainable FERC Project
Year:
1999

This Synapse report assessed the ways SO2 allowances, NOX allowances, and New Source Review offset requirements can provide incumbent electric companies with unfair advantages in a competitive electricity market.  The report further evaluated how these requirements affected the electricity market at the time of the power plant divestiture, mergers of electric companies, or the construction of new power plants.  Project completed in 1999.

Related Publication(s)
Electricity Market Distortions Associated with Inconsistent Air Quality Regulations
Client:
Massachusetts Avoided Energy Supply Costs Study Group
Year:
1999

Synapse, with Resource Insight, Inc., simulated the New England electricity market in order to project the cost of electricity generation in future years.  The results evaluated demand-side management investments for all of the Massachusetts companies on a consistent basis.  Project completed in 1999.  

Related Publication(s)
Avoided Energy-Supply Costs for Demand-Side-Management Screening in Massachusetts
Client:
Ontario Hydro Department of Regulatory Affairs
Year:
1999

Synapse conducted an economic analysis of the cost of reducing nitrogen oxide emissions at coal-fired power plants in Ontario.  Project completed in June 1999.

Client:
Cape Light Compact
Year:
1999

Synapse designed the first draft of the energy efficiency programs that were provided by the Cape Light Compact, the municipal aggregator on Cape Cod.  Synapse represented the Compact in the Massachusetts Department of Telecommunications and Energy’s generic investigation of the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency programs, in Docket 98-100.  Synapse also represented the Compact in the Division of Energy Resources’ process for developing policy guidelines for Massachusetts energy efficiency programs.  Project completed in 1999.  

Client:
Town of Bedford, Massachusetts
Year:
1999

The Massachusetts restructuring law enabled municipal aggregators to implement energy efficiency programs with funds raised through a system benefits charge.  Synapse assisted the town of Bedford in reviewing various energy efficiency options that could be provided through municipal aggregation.  Project completed in 1999.  

Client:
Sustainable FERC Project
Year:
1999

Synapse drafted comments in response to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's May 14, 1999 "Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Regional Transmission Organizations Rulemaking."  The comments addressed the potential for broadening competition to have negative environmental consequences and the opportunities for RTOs to reduce barriers to market entry for renewable generators and to improve environmental quality.  The comments were submitted by the Project for Sustainable FERC Energy Policy, on behalf of seventeen environmental organizations.  Project completed in 1999.

Related Publication(s)
Comments on the Scope of Issues for FERC Staff’s Environmental Assessment of the Proposed Rule on RTOs by the Project for Sustainable FERC Energy Policy on behalf of Multiple Parties
Client:
Maryland Office of the People’s Counsel
Year:
1999

Synapse, as part of a team of consultants, prepared independent estimates of the stranded costs of the four electric utilities in Maryland: Delmarva Power and Light, Potomac Electric Company, Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, and Potomac Edison Company.  Synapse ran the ELFIN electric generation dispatch model to forecast market prices for electricity in the PJM and ECAR regions.  The results were presented in the testimony of Bruce Biewald before the Maryland Public Service Commission.  Project completed in 1999.

Related Publication(s)
Market Prices for Electricity in the ECAR Region and Potomac Edison Company Stranded Costs
Client:
Hawaii Gas Company
Year:
1999

Synapse worked with Von Hippel Associates to develop an integrated resource plan for Hawaii Gas Company.  Synapse took the lead role in developing forecasts for natural gas demand and estimating the environmental externalities associated with resource options.  Project completed in 1999.

Client:
Citizens Action Coalition of Indiana
Year:
1999

Synapse studied the implications of electric industry deregulation, including 1) the prospects for early nuclear power plant closure, 2) the potential unfunded liability for decommissioning, and 3) the potential unfunded liability for spent nuclear fuel transportation and storage. Project completed in 1999.

Related Publication(s)
Stranded Nuclear Waste: Implications of Electric Industry Deregulation for Nuclear Plant Retirements and Funding Decommissioning and Spent Fuel
Client:
N/A
Year:
1999

Bruce Biewald presented “Market Power Analysis: Five Case Studies in Electricity” at the IBC Conference on Market Power in Washington, D.C. on May 24, 1999. The five case studies discussed were: New England, New York City, the APS-DQE merger, Mississippi (Entergy and Southern Company), and the AEP-CSW merger.

Related Publication(s)
Market Power Analysis: Five Case Studies in Electricity
Client:
Connecticut Office of Consumer Counsel
Year:
1999

Synapse reviewed the projections of New England electricity market prices used for the utilities' stranded cost estimates.  This review included the models and the input assumptions underlying the utilities' claims.  The results were presented in the testimony of Bruce Biewald, dealing with market power and market prices.  Project completed in 1999.  

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